Vinyl Chloride

IUPAC Name: Chloroethene

MCL: 0.002 ppm

Source: Used to make PVC and other important organic compounds that are produced in high volumes.

Summary: Vinyl chloride is a chlorinated hydrocarbon used in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and other important chemicals. PVC is a synthetic plastic polymer produced in high volumes for use in pipes, packaging materials, construction materials, electrical insulation, and plastic products. It also has uses in the medical and automotive industries. Vinyl chloride may form as a degradation product of chemicals such as trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, and tetrachloroethylene. Vinyl chloride is a flammable, colorless gas at room temperature and is soluble in water up to 8,800 mg/L at 25 C. It has a density of 0.9106 g/mL at 20 C. Vinyl Chloride is classified by the EPA as a Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAPs). A Koc value of 57 indicates high mobility within soil that may cause leaching to groundwater. Biodegradation, volatilization, and photolysis are expected to be major fate processes in soil and water.

GHS Hazard Statement: H220, H280, H315, H319, H320, H335, H336, H341, H350, H361, H370, H372, H412, GHS02, GHS04, GHS07, GHS08