Dioxane

IUPAC Name: 1,4-dioxane

Source: Used as a stabilizer for chlorinated solvents and is used in the production of shampoos and detergents.

Water Treatment: https://tdb.epa.gov/tdb/contaminant?id=10860

Summary: Dioxane is used as a stabilizer for chlorinated solvents. It may become an environmental contaminants through the use and disposal of household items such as soaps, shampoos, and detergents. It exists as a colorless liquid at room temperature and is soluble in water up to 800 g/L at 25 C. It has a density of 1.0337 g/mL at 20 C. The compound is classified by the EPA as a Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAPs). Koc values ranging from 17-29 indicate it will have high mobility within soil. Biodegradation in the natural environment and at wastewater treatment plants have proven unsuccessful. Volatilization from soil and water is expected to be the major method of removal.

GHS Hazard Statement: H225, H313, H315, H319, H331, H332, H336, H351, H370, H372, H373, GHS02, GHS06, GHS07, GHS08