Chloral Hydrate

IUPAC Name: 2,2,2-trichloroethane-1,1-diol

MCL: 0.06 ppm

Source: Forms as a byproduct of ozone of chlorine treatment in drinking water.

Summary: Chloral Hydrate is an organic compound that has uses as a sedative and hypnotic as a treatment for insomnia. It is used in organic synthesis and is used in the production of DDT, a pesticide. It may be present in water as a byproduct of ozone or chlorine treatment. It is highly soluble in water up to 793,000 mg/L at 25 C and has a density of 1.9081 g/mL at 20 C. Upon decomposition it produces hydrogen chloride gas. A Koc value of 82 indicates high mobility within soil. Volatilization from soil and water is expected to be a major method of natural removal. The compound also may undergo hydrolysis to produce chloroform under alkaline conditions.

GHS Hazard Statement: H301, H302, H314, H315, H318, H319, H336, H340, H370, H372, H373, GHS05, GHS06, GHS07, GHS08