Carbon Tetrachloride

IUPAC Name: Tetrachloromethane

MCL: 0.005 ppm

Source: Used in the production in refrigerants and aerosols.

Summary: Carbon tetrachloride is a chlorinated hydrocarbon that is mainly used to produce aerosol propellants and refrigerant fluids. It also has applications in dry-cleaning, stain removers, as a solvent for some oils, and is also found in fire extinguishers. It is a colorless liquid at room temperature and has a solubility of 1160 mg/L at 25 C. It is more dense than water at 1.5940 g/mL at 20 C. Upon decomposition it will produce fumes of hydrogen chloride and carbon oxides. It has been used in animals as an anthelmintic and may have also been used as a pesticide for the same properties. It is classified by the EPA as a Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAPs). Carbon tetrachloride will exist as a vapor in the atmosphere and may damage the ozone. It has a photodegradation half-life greater than 300 years. It has high mobility within soil due to a Koc value of 71. Volatilization from soil and water is expected to be a major method of removal.

GHS Hazard Statement: H301, H303, H311, H315, H317, H319, H331, H332, H351, H361, H370, H372, H373, H412, H420, GHS06, GHS07, GHS08