Ammonia

Source: Occurs naturally from the process of nitrogen fixation. It is used in cleaning agents, pesticides, fertilizers, explosives, pharmaceuticals, and refrigerants among other applications. It may contaminate water as an additive in treatment processes.

Summary: Ammonia is a very important inorganic compound. It occurs naturally from a bacterial process known as nitrogen fixation. This process involves bacteria converting atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia. It is also produced synthetically in the Haber-Bosch process (artificial nitrogen fixation) for many commercial and industrial uses. Ammonia is used in pesticides, fertilizers, explosives, cleaning agents, and is used in refrigerants among other applications. Ammonia may be added in water treatment processes to enhance the effect of chloramine disinfection, while also reducing the hazardous chlorinated byproducts. It is also used in chemical synthesis and in the production of pharmaceuticals. Ammonia is also being explored for uses as a renewable energy source.

GHS Hazard Statement: H220, H221, H280, H314, H318, H331, H332, H334, H341, H370, H372, H373, H400, H410, H411, GHS02, GHS04, GHS05, GHS06, GHS07, GHS08, GHS09