IUPAC Name: 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane
Source: Industrial manufacturing uses involving the automobile industry. Primarily used as a cleaning solvent and as a refrigerant.
Summary: Trichlorotrifluoroethane is a compound used as a solvent for cleaning and degreasing purposes. It is also used as a refrigerant and an intermediate in the production of 2,3-dichloro-5-trichloromethylpyridine. It is soluble in water up to 28.93 mg/L at 25 C and has a density of 1.5790 g/mL at 20 C. Upon decomposition it produces gaseous hydrogen fluoride and hydrogen chloride. Since the 1987 Montreal Protocol aimed to phase-out the production of trichlorotrifluoroethane and other chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). In the stratosphere it will undergo photolytic reactions to produce free chlorine which damages the ozone. A Koc value of 200 indicates moderate mobility within soil. Volatilization from soil and water is expected to be a major method of degradation. Bioaccumulation in organisms is expected to be moderately high.