Toxaphene

IUPAC Name: 1,4,5,6,7,7-hexachloro-2,2-bis(chloromethyl)-3-methylidenebicyclo[2.2.1]heptane

MCL: 0.003 ppm

Source: Formerly used as a pesticide to control insects on crops and kill invasive species of fish.

Summary: Toxaphene is a chemical created synthetically by chlorinating a chemical called camphene. The resulting toxaphene chemical is an organic compound formerly used as a pesticide. It had seen extensive use in agriculture from the 1970s and 1980s before it was banned for use as a pesticide in 1983. It had been used to control insect populations and kill invasive species of fish. It has a solubility in water of 3 mg/L and has a density of 1.65 g/mL at 25 C. The compound is classified by the EPA as a Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAPs). Volatilization and photolysis from soil and water are expected to be major fate processes. Bioaccumulation in organisms is very high.

GHS Hazard Statement: H301, H311, H312, H315, H316, H331, H335, H351, H370, H372, H373, H400, H410, GHS06, GHS07, GHS08, GHS09