Nitroglycerin

IUPAC Name: 1,3-dinitrooxypropan-2-yl nitrate

MCL: 0.005 ppm

Source: Used as a drug for treating chest pain and illness. Also used in weapons for its explosive properties.

Summary: Nitroglycerin is a chemical used as a drug to treat chest pain. It acts as a prodrug in that it converts to nitric oxide in muscles to dilate blood vessels and improve flow through them. It has also been used for its explosive properties in rocket fuel and weapons. It exists as a pale yellow liquid at room temperature that has a density of 1.5918 g/mL at 25 C. It is soluble in water up to 1,380 mg/L. As a vapor in the atmosphere it will be degraded with a half-life of 15 days by photochemical reactions. A Koc value of 180 predicts moderate mobility within soil. Fate processes in water include photolysis, hydrolysis (under neutral pH conditions) and biodegradation.

GHS Hazard Statement: H200, H201, H300, H301, H302, H310, H317, H319, H330, H361, H362, H370, H372, H373, H411, GHS01, GHS06, GHS07, GHS08, GHS09