IUPAC Name: Nitrobenzene
Source: Used in the production of pesticides, dyes, rubber, lubricants, and pharmaceuticals. It is used as an intermediate in the synthesis of aniline and quinoline.
Water Treatment: https://tdb.epa.gov/tdb/contaminant?id=10740
Summary: Nitrobenzene is an organic compound used primarily as an intermediate in the synthesis of aniline, which is used to produce polyurethane. Other well-known compounds that it is used to form include quinoline. It may also be used in the production of lubricants, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, dyes, and rubber. It is soluble in water up to 2,090 mg/L and has a density of 1.2037 g/mL. Upon decomposition it produces gaseous nitrogen oxides. Nitrobenzene has an acid dissociation constant of pKa = 3.98 at 0 C. It is classified by the EPA as a Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAPs). As a vapor in the atmosphere it will photochemically degrade with a half-life of 115 days. Koc values ranging from 30.6 – 370 indicate moderate to high mobility within soil. The main fate processes for water and soil and photolysis, biodegradation, and volatilization.
GHS Hazard Statement: H227, H301, H302, H311, H316, H320, H330, H331, H332, H336, H351, H360, H360F, H361, H361f, H370, H372, H401, H411, H412, GHS06, GHS07, GHS08, GHS09