Nickel

Source: Occurs naturally in rocks, minerals, and meteorites. It is used in stainless steel, coins, pipes and pipe fittings, batteries, jet engines, automobile parts, and jewelry.

Summary: Nickel is element 28 on the periodic table. It is a metal that has a density of 8.9 g/mL. Nickel is found naturally in rocks and minerals, such as pyrrhotite and pentlandite. Nickel has been measured in significant amounts in meteorites. Nickel is used commercially in alloys with iron, copper, chromium, and zinc. When combined with iron it forms a superalloy that is used in jet engines. Other alloys are used in jewelry, batteries, and pipe fittings. Nickel plating is used to increase strength and protect against corrosion. Nickel plating is used to cover automobile bumpers, and it is a component in stainless steel. Desalination plants use nickel-copper alloy pipes to prevent corrosion. Nickel is also used as a catalyst in chemical reactions and in the hydrogenation of vegetable oils. The five cent United States coin is famously dubbed the “Nickel”, but only about a quarter of the coin is nickel.

GHS Hazard Statement: H317, H334, H350, H351, H360, H370, H372, H412, GHS07, GHS08