IUPAC Name: Diethyl 2-dimethoxyphosphinothioylsulfanylbutanedioate
MCL: 0.5 ppm
Source: Used as an insecticide to control mosquito, flea, and lice populations.
Water Treatment: https://tdb.epa.gov/tdb/contaminant?id=10021
Summary: Malathion is an organophosphate used as an insecticide to control mosquito, flea, and lice populations. It is a synthetic compound that is a yellow liquid at room temperature. It has a solubility in water of 143 mg/L at 20 C and a density of 1.2076 g/mL at 20 C. Upon decomposition it produces carbon/sulfur/phosphorus oxides. It is corrosive to some metals and plastics. Koc values ranging from 927 – 17,620 indicate malathion will have very little mobility within soil. Photolysis, biodegradation, and hydrolysis are expected to be the main forms of natural degradation in soil and water.
GHS Hazard Statement: H302, H317, H320, H331, H341, H350, H370, H372, H400, H410, GHS06, GHS07, GHS08, GHS09