IUPAC Name: Chlorine dioxide
Source: Added to water as a disinfectant.
Summary: Chlorine dioxide has many applications in sanitizing and as a disinfecting agent. It is a toxic gas at room temperature and pressure and is soluble in water. In the gaseous form the compound may decompose explosively in the presence of organic compounds. Due to the explosive nature of the gas it is mostly produced on-site when used or transported as a solid. The compound is used in water treatment processes for disinfection. It helps to eradicate viruses and bacteria including Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia. Upon addition to water the reaction produces the chlorite anion and oxygen. The gaseous form of chlorine dioxide may be used in the medical field to sterilize equipment. May also see uses in the paper industry and limited uses as a fungicide. It has a density of 1.64 g/mL and a solubility of 3.01 g/L at 25 C.
GHS Hazard Statement: H205, H270, H280, H301, H314, H315, H318, H319, H330, H332, H336, H341, H360, H362, H370, H372, H400, H410, GHS03, GHS04, GHS05, GHS06, GHS07, GHS08, GHS09