IUPAC Name: 2-bromoacetic acid
Source: Formed as a byproduct of water disinfection processes such as bromination.
Summary: Bromoacetic acid is a member of the haloacetic acids, specifically the HAA5 disinfection byproducts. It forms in water as a byproduct of water treatment processes such as bromination. It was formerly used on crops to get fruit to drop for harvesting. It is highly soluble in water, up to 1,750,000 mg/L at 25 C. Upon decomposition it produces gaseous bromide. It has an acid dissociation constant of 2.89. It exists as a vapor in the atmosphere with a half-life of 22 days. A Koc value of 2.4 indicates very high mobility within soil that may lead to the compound leaching into groundwater.
GHS Hazard Statement: H301, H311, H314, H317, H318, H331, H371, H400, GHS05, GHS06, GHS07, GHS08, GHS09