IUPAC Name: 2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid
MCL: 0.07 ppm
Source: Used in herbicides to control and eradicate plants and weeds.
Summary: 2,4-D, also known as 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, is an organic compound used in formulations for herbicides. It may be used to control plant growth or to eradicate them completely. The chemical was a constituent in Agent Orange. It is soluble in water up to 677 mg/L at 25 C and has a density of 1.42 g/mL at 25 C. 2,4-D has an acid dissociation constant of pKa = 2.73. A Koc value in the range of 20 – 136 indicates high mobility within soil that may cause leaching to groundwater. Biodegradation is expected to be a major fate process in water and soil. Environmental degradation may form transformation products such as 2,4-Dichloroanisole and 2,4-Dichlorophenol.
GHS Hazard Statement: H302, H312, H313, H316, H317, H318, H319, H320, H332, H334, H335, H336, H351, H361, H370, H372, H373, H400, H402, H410, H411, H412, GHS05, GHS07, GHS08, GHS09