IUPAC Name: 1,2-Dichloroethane
MCL: 0.005 ppm
Source: Used in the production of vinyl chloride. It is also used to remove lead in gasoline.
Summary: 1,2-Dichloroethane (ethylene dichloride) is a synthetic chemical used primarily in the production of vinyl chloride. It is also used as a solvent and an additive in gasoline to remove lead. It was formerly used as an insecticide. It is a colorless liquid at room temperature and is soluble in water up to 8600 mg/L at 25 C. It has a density of 1.2454 g/mL at 25 C. It is classified by the EPA as a Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAPs). The compound exists in the vapor-phase in the atmosphere and has a half-life of 65 days undergoing reactions with hydroxyl radicals. High mobility within soil is predicted based on a Koc value of 33. Volatilization is expected to be a major fate process within soil and water.
GHS Hazards: H224, H225, H302, H304, H313, H315, H319, H320, H331, H335, H336, H341, H350, H351, H361, H370, H372, H373, H402